Social and Environmental Safeguards
In accordance to UNFCC and UNCCD, the ENCCRV development included social and environmental safeguards with the goal of preventing, mitigating and minimizing the potential negative impacts and maximizing the benefits to local communities, directly and indirectly, involved with the implementation.
Implementation plan for social and environmental safeguards, citizen consultation, dialogue, and indigenous groups participation and ENCCRV auto-evaluation.
The main objective of the Plan is to develop and implement participative measures and protect the social and environmental safeguards in each of the ENCCRV stages. Through the implementation of the Plan and the aid of various experts, an information base was developed from which to create the Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment (SESA) and the corresponding Environmental and Social Assessment Framework (MGAS, Spanish acronym) in the ENCCRV, which in turn safeguards aspects of the implementation stage.
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The analysis and implementation process of the Safeguards are divided into four stages, as shown in the following figure:
Phases of the plan for the Implementation of Social and Environmental Safeguards
Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment (SESA):
To prevent negative consequences of the implementation of ENCCRV action steps to the rights of Indigenous groups, local communities, and vulnerable groups, CONAF designed and implemented national participative measures with key stakeholders. This process complied with the international requirements of social and environmental safeguards.
In this context, SESA was developed based on the participative measures. This evaluation determined 44 social and environmental risks. These risks are linked to adverse impacts benefits to the environment and society, with the possibility of occurring during the implementation of the action steps. Furthermore, various proposals to increase biodiversity during the implementation stage arose due to evaluations.
For each risk, a negative impact was identified, with a total of 71 identified negative impacts. This data was used, the impacts were grouped into 5 fundamental axes: i) Governance and Management Capabilities; ii) Environment; iii) Social and Cultural Effects; iv) Economic; and v) Education and Promotion Capabilities. >> More information here
Environmental and Social Assessment Framework (MGAS, acronym in Spanish)
The MGAS is a management tool to establish procedures and protocols to prevent, mitigate, revert and compensate the socio-environmental risks and negative impacts; and maximize the benefits associated with the implantation of ENCCRV action steps identified in SESA.
El MGAS identifica medidas de mitigación las cuales se han clasificado en dos tipos: