General Description

Throughout time, human activity has negatively affect Chilean biological diversity. As such due to climate change, the protection, restoration, and conservation of these unique vegetation resources are a global, urgent concern. Consequently, 35 hotspots of importance worldwide for the conservation of biodiversity are in Chilean territory, totaling 1,957 endangered vegetation species (50.3%) of a total of 3,892 native vegetation species identified to date.

Forest lands including native forests and forest plantations total 23% of the national territory. 27% of the national surface area is prairies and shrub lands. A significant area of shrub lands corresponds to destroyed, forest areas replaced with shrubs. Nonetheless, shrublands and other degraded lands without arboreal vegetation have the potential for restoration and afforestation with native species and vegetation resources.
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Primary causes of deforestation, devegetation, degradation, and difficulties to increase vegetation resource cover and quality in Chile.

Within the framework of the UNFCCC and REDD+, developing countries are requested to identify the causes of deforestation and forest degradation, and identify the problems which hinder the increase of forest carbon reserves. As such, developing countries are encouraged to conduct pertinent studies aimed at identifying these factors there upon developing national strategies or action plans which guarantee to tackle the causes and problems relevant to the national condition. Additionally, and in relation to the ENCCRV framework additional vegetation resources were added such as xerophyte, wetlands, and bofedales.

In accordance with these conditions, as part of the development stage, the ENCCRV analyzed the main causes of deforestation, devegetation, vegetation resource degradation, and elements preventing the increase and improvement of the quality of the restoration of these ecosystems. The analysis based on technical studies conducted by experts and validated by CONAF, submitting quantitative data of loss, forest degradation, and vegetation resource deterioration. In addition, results from participative mechanisms and inputs generated from diverse platforms from national and international experts determined the following causes:


Unsustainable use
of vegetation resources

Use of vegetation
resources for livestock

and Diseases


Effects of climate change,
desertification, land degradation,
and drought/ Water exploitation

Unsustainable management
of monoculture forests

Expansion of agricultural
and livestock activities

Industrial and
urban expansion




National Forestry Corporation

Unidad de Cambio Climático y Servicios Ambientales (UCCSA)
Gerencia de Desarrollo y Fomento Forestal (GEDEFF)
Corporación Nacional Forestal (CONAF)
Ministerio de Agricultura de Chile





+56 2 26630000


Paseo Bulnes 377, Oficina 207 - Santiago.